Jay G. Hull
ProfessorChair, Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences
My primary research interests concern the structure of self-knowledge and the dynamics of self-regulation. In pursuing these interests, I have published work in three related content areas: (a) cognitive processes associated with self-awareness and self-consciousness, (b) affective processes associated with self-perception and self-regulation — with a special focus on depression, (c) behavioral consequences of self-regulation — with a special focus on behavioral deviance (including alcohol use and abuse, cigarette smoking, and reckless driving). In all of these areas I have followed a general philosophy that endorses the importance of theory building and model testing as a means of advancing knowledge. As a consequence, I have also published work that explores methodological issues with a special interest in the utility of structural equation modeling in solving practical problems associated with theory testing.
THE ROLE OF SELF AND IDENTITY IN BEHAVIORAL DEVIANCE (ALCOHOL USE, CIGARETTE SMOKING, AND RECKLESS DRIVING)
Hull, J.G., Brunelle, T.J., Prescott, A.T., & Sargent, J.D. (2014). A longitudinal study of risk-glorifying video games and behavioral deviance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 106, in press.
Hull, J.G., Draghici, A.M., & Sargent, J.D. (2012). A longitudinal study of risk-glorifying video games and reckless driving. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 1, 244-253.
Hull, J. G., & Slone, L. B. (2006). A dynamic model of the will with an application to alcohol intoxication. In W. Prinz & N. Sebanz (Eds.) Disorders of volition. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Tickle, J.J., Hull, J.G., Sargent, J.D., Dalton, M.A., Heatherton, T.F. (2006). A structural equation model of social influences and exposure to media smoking on adolescent smoking. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 28, 117-129.
Hull, J. G., & Slone, L. B. (2004). Self-regulatory failure and alcohol use. In R. F. Baumeister & K. D. Vohs (Eds.) Handbook of self-regulation: Research, theory, and applications. New York: Guilford Press. Pp. 466-491.
Sayette, M.A., Martin, C.S., Hull, J.G., Wertz, J.M., & Perrott, M.A. (2003). The effects of nicotine deprivation on craving response covariation in smokers. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 112, 110-118.
Hull, J. G., & Bond, C. F. (1986). The social and behavioral consequences of alcohol consumption and expectancy: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 99, 347-360.
Hull, J. G., & Young, R. D. (1983). Self-consciousness, self-esteem, and success-failure as determinants of alcohol consumption in male social drinkers. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44, 1097-1109.
Hull, J. G., Levenson, R. W., Young, R. D., & Sher, K. J. (1983). The self-awareness reducing effects of alcohol consumption. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44, 461-473.
Hull, J. G. (1981). A self-awareness model of the causes and effects of alcohol consumption. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 90, 586-600.
AFFECTIVE SELF-REGULATION WITH A FOCUS ON DEPRESSION
Berman, M.I., Buckey, J.C., Hull, J.G., Linardatus, E., Song, S.L., McClellan, R.K., & Hegel, M.T. (2014). Feasibility study of an interactive multimedia electronic problem solving treatment program for depression: A preliminary uncontrolled trial. Behavior Therapy, xx, xxx-yyy.
Bakitas, M., Lyons, K.D., Hegel, M.T., Balan, S., Brokow, F.C., Seville, J., Hull, J.G., Li, Z., Tosteson, T.D., Byock, I.B., Ahles, T.A. (2009). Effects of a palliative care intervention on clinical outcomes in patients with advanced cancer. Journal of the American Medical Association, 302, 741-749.
Oxman, T.E., Hegel, M.T., Hull, J.G., Dietrich, A.J. (2008). Problem-solving treatment and coping styles in primary care minor depression. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76, 933-943.
Oxman, T.E., & Hull, J.G. (2001). Social support and treatment response in older depressed primary care patients. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 56B, 35-45.
Oxman, T.E., & Hull, J.G. (1997). Social support, depression, and activities of daily living in older heart surgery patients. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 52B, 1-14.
Hull, J.G., & Mendolia, M. (1991). Modeling the relations of attributional style, expectancies, and depression. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61, 85-97.
Hull, J.G., Reilly, N.P., & Ennis, C. (1990). Self-consciousness, role discrepancy, and depressive affect. Anxiety Research, 2, 197-210.
COGNITIVE PROCESSES ASSOCIATED WITH SELF-CONSCIOUSNESS AND SELF-AWARENESS
Hull, J.G., Slone, L.B., Meteyer, K.B., & Matthews, A.R. (2002). The non-consciousness of self-consciousness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 406-424.
Hull, J.G. (2002). Modeling the structure of self-knowledge and the dynamics of self-regulation. In A. Tesser, D.A. Stapel, & J.V. Wood (Eds.). Self and Motivation: Emerging Psychological Perspectives (pp. 173 - 206). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Hull, J.G., Van Treuren, R.R., Ashford, S.J., Propsom, P., & Andrus, B.W. (1988). Self-consciousness and the processing of self-relevant information. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 452-465.
Hull, J. G., & Levy, A. S. (1979). The organizational functions of the self: An alternative to the Duval and Wicklund model of self-awareness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 756-768.
METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES AND STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELING
Krendl, A.C., Magoon, N.S., Hull, J.G., & Heatherton, T.F. (2011). Judging a book by its cover: The differential impact of attractiveness on predicting one’s acceptance to high or low status social groups. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 41, 2583-2550.
Hull, J.G., Tedlie, J.C., & Lehn, D.A. (1995). Modeling the relation of personality variables to symptom complaints: The unique role of negative affectivity. In R.H. Hoyle (Ed.), Structural equation modeling: Issues and applications. Newbury Park, CA: Sage. Pp. 217-236.
Hull, J.G., Tedlie, J.C., & Lehn, D.A. (1992). Moderator variables in personality research: The problem of controlling for plausible alternatives. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 18, 115-117.
Hull, J.G., Lehn, D.A., & Tedlie, J.C. (1991). A general approach to testing multifaceted personality constructs. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61, 932-945.
Works in progress
"A longitudinal study of facets of depression and mortality among terminal cancer patients"
“The private self-conscious brain: An fMRI study of reactions to subliminal emotion primes embedded in a lexical decision task”
“Thresholds of self-consciousness: The effects of private self-consciousness and self-relevance on processing degraded word stimuli”